ጥቁሩ ወርቅ (BLACK GOLD) ዘጋቢ ፊልም
የተረቱ ካልዲ እና ፍየሎቹ ቀድመው ያጣጣሙት ቡና ዛሬ የ80ቢሊየን ዶላር ግብይት ላይ እንደደረሰ ቢሰሙ ምን ይሉ ይሆን? ቡናስ ሀረርጌ፤ይርጋጨፌ ፤ጅማ እና ከፋ ተመርቶ ዋጋው ኒውዮርክ መተመኑን ብንነግራቸው መርዶ ነጋሪ ያስብለናል? ለማንኛውም ዛሬም የኢትዮጵያ የቡና ገበሬዎች ህይወታቸው አልተቀየረም፡፡በተለይ በተለይ አንድ ስኒ ቡና አሜሪካ እና አውሮፓ ከሚሸጥበት ዋጋ አንፃር በነፃ ጉልበታቸውን እየገበሩ ነው ለማለት ያስደፍራል፡፡ጉዳዩን መንግስታዊ ያልሆኑ ድርጅቶች የአንድ ሰሞን አጀንዳ አድርገውት ነበር፡፡የተለወጠ ነገር ባይኖርም፡፡
አንዳንድ የኢትዮጵያ ገበሬዎች ቡናን በጫት መተካትን አዋጪ አድርገውታል፡፡ምን አልባት አንድ ቀን ኢትዮጵያ ለዓለም ያበረከተችው ቡና በዚያች ሀገር መመረቱን አቆመ ወይም ምርቱ ቀነሰ የሚል ነገር ላለመስማታችን ማረጋገጫ የለንም፡፡የቡና ግብይት ኢንደስትሪው ከፍተኛ የገንዘብ አቅም ባላቸው ግዙፍ ኩባንያዎች እጅ ስር ነው፡፡የኢትዮጵያ የቡና ገበሬዎች እና ማህበራት ከእነዚህ ኩባንያዎች የሚደራደሩበት አቅምም ሆነ አጋጣሚ የላቸውም፡፡አለም አቀፍ የቡና ድርጅት (the International Coffee Organization (ICO) በ1962, 1968, 1976, 1983, 1994 እና 2001 የተፈረሙት የግብይት ስምምነቶች ለኢትዮጵያ የቡና ገበሬ የፈየዱት አንዳች ነገር የለም፡፡
እነ ክራፍት ጄነራል ፍድስ (Kraft General Foods) ኔስትል ( Nestle), ፕሮክተር ኤንድ ጋምብል (Proctor & Gamble እና ሳራ ሊ (Sara Lee) ስለ ኢትዮጵያ የቡና ገበሬዎች ድካም የሚያውቁት አንዳች ነገር ባይኖርም በቡና ግብይታቸው ማንም ጣልቃ እንዲገባ አይፈልጉም፡፡ ጣልቃ የሚገባ ቢኖር እንኳ እንደ ኮትዲቯር በረጅም እጃቸው አንዳች ትርምስ ከመፍጠር አይመለሱም፡፡ ጥቁሩ ወርቅ (BLACK GOLD) በተሰኘው በዚህ ዘጋቢ ፊልም ፕሮዲውሰሮቹ የኦሮሚያ ቡና ገበሬዎች ማህበሩ ተደሰ መስቀላ የተሻለ ዋጋ ፍለጋ የሚደርገውን ውጣ ውረድ ተከትለው የቡናን ውስብስብ የግብይት ሂደት ያሳዩናል፡፡መቼም አንዴ አለማመን ተጠናውቶናል፡፡በእርግጥ ፕሮዲውሰሮቹ ይህን ዘጋቢ ፊልም ሲሰሩ የራሳቸው አጀንዳ ይኖራቸው ይሆናል፡፡ ቢሆንም አንድ ኢትዮጵያዊ የቡና ገበሬን እያሰበ ላየው አንዳች ትርጉም ይሰጣል፡፡ጉዳዩን የውጭ ጋዜጠኞች ቢያነሱትም ለሃገሩ መልካም ለሚያስብ ኢትዮጵያዊም ቁጭት ይፈጥራል፡፡
ፊልሙን እዚህ ይመልከቱት
Climate Change: Bad for Women
Population Action International has a new short film looking at how climate change disproportionately affects women around the world. It features women in Nepal, Ethiopia and Peru who are dealing with drought and other agricultural troubles, as they try to give their children better lives than their own. The stories are moving, of course. But the film also looks at how education, improved agricultural practices, and access to family planning can make the future more promising. So it's not all doom and gloom. Here's the film:
Hyena Show in Harari City, Ethiopiaጅብን የመመገብ ስርዓት በጥንታዊቷ የሀረር ከተማ
In the city of Harari for can find an unusual show for tourist every night; a local puts meat on stick and then other end in his mouth and waits for Hyenas to take meat. A city of mosques, minarets, and markets, a center of Muslim learning, a city which once struck its own local currency, and still has its own unique language has long been regarded by the outside world as a city of mystery and romance. Situated on a high escarpment overlooking surrounding plains, which extend as far as the eye can reach, it enjoys a balmy climate and a fascinating history.
Ethiopian food on Bizarre Foods with Andrew Zimmern
Andrew travels all over the African country of Ethiopia where food is often difficult to find. Still, he manages to find plenty of interesting dishes to try. In Africa, some of the bites Andrew tries include: enset or false banana plant dishes, raw beef (kickpa), cheese (ibe), unfiltered honey, crepes, ox intestine with goat stuffing, coffee, sorghum popcorn, raw camel meat, and raw camel kidneys. Andrew is in Ethiopia in Eastern Africa where food is scarce and barely distributed to the natives. He meets guide Mullikin Tamarat at the village of Tiya and they locate a false banana tree. Every part of it is used. Fiber is turned to paste covered by the leaves to rot and then turn into different types of food. It can be turned into flour for kocho bread or a porridge called mook eaten on a dish called bula firfr. Andrew also tries kitfo, raw meat cooked with spice. In Addis Adaba, there are over three million people of Arab and European origin. At the Mercado, the food is often limited and picked over from the waste. Andrew finds cheese, lybe (cow's milk similar to feta), raw honey, spices, wild sugar, garlic, onions, red peppers and butter melted down to cook with. He discovers dulet, raw goat meat cooked like tripe, but warmed in butter and berbere spice.
At Harar, one of Ethiopia's holiest cities, Andrew is joined by Hailu Gaskauw and they discover wicaleme, ox intestine with goat intestines, zahook made from wheat into a crepe filled with sautéed chicken and onions. Hailu advises Andrew that it is etiquette to wash and use his right hand and eat all that he takes to enjoy the hospitality of his hosts. Andrew adds that Ethiopia is the site of the earliest human remains ad its also the birthplace of coffee, the number one export. Tour guide Abdul Ahmed shows Andrew where the coffee dean is hulled from its shell and then dried in roasted. They also experience a coffee ceremony. Coffee hostess Zalalem Chifarorau is the host to a snack of corn, beans, chickpea and kernelless popcorn. Andrew also samples coffee with salt and butter, which are other traditions, but no one ever really drinks coffee that way. Andrew also gets to sample tere sega, raw meat that is dipped in lemon juice and berbere. He also has ythe kidney from a freshly killed camel that is dipped in sauce and turns out to be crunchy. The locals are so hospitable that Andrew notices that the butcher samples part of what he sells. Andrew ends the episode with a nightly ritual that was restarted forty years prior and involves the calling of hyenas. He meets Mulijeta Waldiumaray who feeds them from a stick and mouth-to-mouth. Two of the hyena named Tika and Shemay have been made peaceful and eat the local garbage. Andrew ends the show adding that despite the scarcity of food and hardship of the country that the locals are very hospitable.
Awra Amba is a small, rural community in the Amhara region in the North-West of Ethiopia. It is situated near the cities of Bahir Dar and Gondar. There are just over 400 inhabitants living in Awra Amba who come from different parts of the country, from various cultural, religious and ethnic backgrounds.
Awra Amba’s main goal is solving socio-economic problems through helping one another in an environment of egalitarianism—in contrast to the traditional norms of Amhara society. The community opposes the traditional, patriarchal society and instead believes in education, equal labour division and equality between men and women. They believe in a more equal world where humans don’t have to suffer, but live in peace and harmony.
Awra Amba is lauded as a model to alleviate poverty and promote gender equality in a country where women generally hold a subservient status to men. In Awra Amba the men cook and the women plow. They do not have religious practices or places of worship, and are not part of the main organised religions in Ethiopia (Christianity or Islam). They have instead a strong faith in One God and hold high spiritual, ethical and moral standards.
watch the documentary
Timket (Epiphany) is one of the greatest festival in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church calendar. It commemorates Christ's Baptism by Saint John in the Jordan River. Timket is celebrated in Ethiopia on January 11 Ethiopian calendar (January 19 Gregorian calendar), two weeks after Ledet (Ethiopian Christmas), beginning on the Eve of Timket with colourful processions and ceremonies ending on the January 12 (January 20 Gregorian calendar). In Timket, Tella and Tej are brewed, special bread is baked called "Himbash" (in Tigrigna) "Ambasha" (in Amharic), and sheep are slaughtered to mark the three-day celebration.